These results were confirmed by repeating the test with yogurt instead of water. The leaves, which have a mild lemon aroma, are used to make medicine. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Even food-grade essential oils used for flavoring candies and other foods should not be taken by mouth. It is available in tea or capsule form and considered most potent in extract capsules. It is possible to buy Lemon Balm in the form of essential oils that promote relaxation. Scientific Name(s): Melissa officinalis L.Common Name(s): Balm, Lemon balm, Melissa, Sweet balm. Further research is needed to see if the same results can be achieved in humans. If you were to supplement with lemon balm powder, for example, a recommended daily dose would be 1,000 mg. You could mix this powder in protein shakes, smoothies, juice or water. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The fresh leaf or the dried leaf … J Ethnopharmacol. To make a tincture, you will need a 1 quart canning jar, lemon balm herb, 2 cups of either vodka, gin or brandy and 1 cup water. Incredibly, it also has high levels of antioxidants which substantially increases its ability to heal and work effectively. Stopping treatment suddenly after long-time use can cause rebound anxiety.. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. The plant has culinary and medicinal uses, with principal historical medicinal uses being carminative, diaphoretic, and antipyretic.2, Lemon balm leaves contain 0.2% to 0.3% of a lemon-scented essential oil similar to that of lemon grass. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. Biomol Ther (Seoul). No serious adverse events were reported.41. Rosmarinic acid had potent antiviral properties that may aid in the treatment of certain viral infections. Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a board-certified acupuncturist, herbalist, and integrative medicine doctor practicing in Santa Monica, California. The long-term use or overuse of lemon balm is not recommended. However, the review indicates that factors, including how people manufacture it and dosage, directly impact lemon balm’s effectiveness. For use as a gentle herbal tranquilizer: 60 drops of Lemon Balm tincture in 1 Cup hot water twice daily. Crude lemon balm herb is typically dosed at 1.5 to 4.5 g/day. None well documented. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Preparations of Lemon Balm for Anxiety. Nutrients. Despite its long-standing use in traditional medicine, the evidence supporting many of these health claims is lacking. For the ideal dosage of lemon balm, do consult a doctor. These make lemon balm as worth a try alternative though lacks of safety data. A standardized preparation of lemon balm 80 mg and valerian extract 160 mg, Euvegal Forte, has been given 2 or 3 times/day as a sleep aid, and has also been studied in children.35, 36, 37 A 1% extract cream has been studied as a topical agent for herpes.17. Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) Monograph and Therapeutic CompendiumThe American Herbal Pharmacopoeia (AHP) is proposing to develop an AHP Monograph and Therapeutic Compendium for Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis).Modern research has focused on the relatively new use of lemon balm as an antiviral as apposed to it traditional use as a carminative, diaphoretic, febrifuge and anxiolytic. The placebo group in this randomized trial (n = 100) also experienced a significant improvement in sleep scores compared with baseline (P = 0.0001). Terpenes, parts of the volatile oil that gives lemon balm its distinctive smell, are also responsible for its efficacy as a sleep aid and sedative. Lemon balm dosage: If you don’t want to grow it yourself, you can find lemon balm tea and supplements online. Doing so many reduce the formation of plaques in the brain associated with the progression of the disease.. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Crude lemon balm herb is typically dosed at 1.5 to 4.5 g/day. For the short-term, it is well-tolerated by most users. Aiding sleep. 2003;74(7). Cut or tear the leaves into smaller pieces and place them into a tea infuser. The dosage range of lemon balm tested for clinical effectiveness for calming effects, mood enhancing, and cognitive function improvement were 300, 600, 900, 1200, 1800mg daily. Major mono- and sesquiterpenes include geranial, neral, beta-caryophyllene, beta-caryophyllene oxide, linalool, citronellal, nerol, and geraniol.3, 4, 5 R(+)-methyl citronellate is characteristic of Melissa oil and distinguishes it from lemon grass oil.6, 7 Flavonoids, oleanane, and triterpenes have also been isolated from the plant.4, 8 Major nonvolatile constituents are caffeic acid and its di- and trimeric derivatives, including rosmarinic acid and melitric acids A and B.7, 9, 10. However, it is advised not to drive or operate machinery after consuming it. 2016;188:204-28. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2016.05.010, Scholey A, Gibbs A, Neale C, et al. Alternative practitioners believe that lemon balm can be used to treat a wide range of medical conditions, including insomnia, cold sores, high cholesterol, genital herpes, heartburn, and indigestion. There are some who even contend that it can improve cognitive function in people with Alzheimer's disease. Lemon Balm for Graves’ Disease and Hyperthyroidism by Svetla Bankova As you probably would agree with me- treating Graves’ Disease or Hyperthyroidism will involve not only psychological and physical efforts, but also you’ll have to watch out what you eat and drink. You can double or triple the recipe as needed. Low levels of GABA in the brain is believed to be associated with anxiety and other mood disorders., The same influence that rosmarinic acid has anxiety is believed to improve sleep in people with insomnia.. Doses of 600 to 1,600 mg have been studied in trials. If you drink lemon balm tea, you will definitely experience some benefits, but it simply is nowhere near as powerful as taking a lemon balm supplement. For treatment of mouth herpes: Use a salve of Lemon Balm on the cold sore four times a day. Also 0.23 mL/kg body weight of a combination product containing 13 ingredients including lemon balm (Klosterfrau Melissengeist, Klosterfrau) taken three times daily for 8 weeks has been used. It may increase intraocular pressure and, hence, must be used with caution while taking medications for glaucoma . Baseline mean LDL dropped by 13.96 mg/dL with the intervention compared to a 1.17 mg/dL increase with placebo. Lemon balm may slow blood clotting. Select one or more newsletters to continue. provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Pour one cup of hot water over one packed tablespoon of leaves and infuse for about five minutes. Doses of 600 to 1,600 mg extract have been studied in trials. High doses can potentially affect thyroid function by slowing the production of thyroid hormones. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. Kaiser Permanente. The difference between the anxiolytic and sedative effects of lemon balm is in the dosage. Another small trial supports a potential cholesterol benefit. There is growing evidence that lemon balm can help treat symptoms of dyspepsia (upset stomach), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and acid reflux. doi:10.1136/jnnp.74.7.863. Combine lemon balm with valerian for added effect. Lemon balm extracts and supplements should be avoided in children, pregnant women, and nursing mothers due to the lack of safety research. Ireland remains a major producer of lemon balm essential oil, while Hungary, Italy, Egypt are the largest growers of the medicinal herb. Lemon balm oil extract, especially when combined and taken with valerian root extract, can improve the quality of sleep in adults and children. Lemon balm may also prove beneficial for individuals who suffer with sleep disturbances, such as insomnia and restlessness. Some people may develop a form of allergy known as contact dermatitis when using a topical lemon balm preparation. Avoid those that are yellowing, discolored, or have evidence of mold. In this way, you can be assured that the product is safe and contains the amount of ingredients listed on the product label. One small study demonstrated decreased stress and agitation in patients with dementia and Alzheimer disease. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. When using Lemon Balm (Melissa Officinalis) for Nootropic purposes, the most accepted dosage range is between 300mg to 600mg per day. Overall, the cognitive enhancing properties of Lemon Balm appear to be somewhat overhyped. A small trial evaluated the cardiac effects of lemon balm and reported possible cardiac muscarinic receptor stimulation or calcium channel-dependent blockage.38 Potentiation of pharmacologic agents may be possible. Lemon balm essential oil is also popular in aromatherapy, where it is believed to promote calmness and ease stress. A concentration-dependent inhibition of HSV-2 proliferation by lemon balm essential oil has been demonstrated, possibly due to the citral or citronellal components.13 Activity against bacteria and fungi has been evaluated with varying results.4, 8, 14 Activity against culex mosquito larvae has also been demonstrated.15, Placebo-controlled trials have shown symptomatic improvement for herpes virus lesions after application of a standardized lemon balm cream applied 2 to 4 times daily for 5 to 10 days.16, 17, 18, In vitro antioxidant activity has been described for lemon balm essential oil and its extracts.4, 10, 14, 30, Activity against human and mouse cancer cell lines has been demonstrated in vitro.5, In hyperlipidemic rats and mice, lemon balm extracts improved the lipid profile as well as liver enzyme markers (AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase) and increased glutathione levels in the tissue.31, 32, A double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial (n=58) in borderline hyperlipidemic adults documented a significant improvement in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels (P=0.022) as well as AST (P=0.009) with administration of M. officinalis leaf powder (500 mg 3 times daily for 2 months) compared to placebo. Lemon balm may cause sedation, especially if combined with alcohol, over-the-counter sleep aids, or prescription sedatives like Klonopin (clonazepam), Ativan (lorazepam), Donnatol (phenobarbital), and Ambien (zolpidem). The combination of herbs is believed to aid in sleep by acting directly on GABA receptors in the brain, delivering a mild sedative effect while stimulating the production of the "feel-good" hormone serotonin..
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